General Introduction of the Ministry of Justice of the People's Republic of China

        The Ministry of Justice of the People's Republic of China, as one of the component organs of the State Council, is responsible for the nationwide justice administration. Its major responsibilities are as follows:

  1. Elaborating and making guidelines, policies, laws and regulations concerning the justice administration in China; working out medium and long-term plans and annual priorities in justice administration and supervising their implementations;
  2. Directing and supervising the execution of criminal punishment and the reform of offenders; directing prison management;
  3. Directing and supervising the work of re-education-through-labour;
  4. Making plans for legal publicity and dissemination of common legal knowledge and organizing their implementation; directing works of governance based on law in all local areas and various industries and foreign legal publicity.
  5. Directing and supervising the practice of lawyers and legal advisers, and the work of legal aid, institutions of public notarization and their relevant operations; entrusting lawyers and notaries of the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao; directing the judicial forensic services for the society.
  6. Directing local authorities of justice administration to manage the work of people's mediation, justice administration assistants, grass-root justice administration offices and grass-root legal services.
  7. Organizing the unified national judicial examination for those wishing to get qualifications of assistant judges, prosecutors and lawyers in accordance with the Judges' Law, the Prosecutors' Law and Lawyers' Law of the People's Republic of China.
  8. Participating in the drafting of relevant national laws with the entrustment of the National People's Congress and the State Council; participating in the formulation of regulations relating to the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao and the Region of Taiwan; dealing with legal affairs concerning the above mentioned areas; organizing studies of issues of human rights in the judicial field; directing legal education and researches of legal theories.
  9. Participating in negotiations and drafting of treaties on international judicial assistance, and implementing the treaties as the central authority; conducting exchanges with corresponding UN bodies engaged in crime prevention and criminal justice; organizing and participating in international seminars and exchanges relating to human rights issues; conducting inter-governmental legal exchanges and cooperation; directing the work concerning foreign affairs of the justice administration.
  10. Directing and administering the planning of financial affairs as well as guns, ammunitions, uniforms, vehicles and other materials and equipment of the justice administration system of the country.
  11. Directing the personnel training and development of the justice administration system; managing the personnel affairs in the Ministry itself and its directly affiliated institutions; directing and regulating policing affairs and evaluation and conferment of police ranks within the justice administration system; assisting provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government to manage senior officials of local departments (bureaus) of justice.
  12. Dealing with other affairs entrusted by the State Council.

     Departments of MOJ

     Affiliated Institutions

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Minisrty of Justice, the People's Republic of China
Address: No.10 Nandajie, Chaoyangmen, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100020, China