Amendment to Law on Judges of the People's Republic of China and Law on Prosecutors of the People's Republic of China were adopted at the 22nd session of the ninth Standing Committee of National People's Congress on June, 30,2001. It is stipulated in the supplementary rules of the amendments to the two laws that "uniform judicial administration system shall apply to any one who is appointed as judges, prosecutors for the first time or obtain qualification as a lawyer. Measures for the Implementation of National Judicial Examination shall be formulated by judicial administration department of the State Council jointly with the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's Procuratorate, and shall be organized and implemented by judicial administration department of the State Council." The stipulation of Law on Judges, Law on Prosecutors symbolized the formal establishment of uniform national judicial examination system in our country.
National judicial examination is a national uniform qualification examination conducted according to the requirement of personnel demand of legal profession. It is held once a year. National judicial examination is uniformly organized and implemented by national judicial examination institution of the Ministry of Justice??specific examination affairs of the administrative area are in the charge of examination institutions of judicial administration organs of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the State Council and examination institutions of judicial administration organs of districts(cities).
National judicial examination exercises uniform proposition , uniform examination , uniform paper going over adhere to the principle of fairness and equitability of sign-up condition and procedure, content of examination , mode of examination, administration of examination, grade and qualified standard..
The first national judicial examination is held in 2002.There are altogether more than 360000 participants. Its qualified grade is 240 points, according to which more than 24000 got Certificate of the Legal Profession Qualifications in the whole country.
The qualified grade of the first national judicial examination is reduced to 235 points for participants of autonomous counties , autonomous flags of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the State Council??counties, clans of autonomous regions??counties of autonomous cantons??counties of listed "National 8ˇ¤7 Important and Difficult Plan of Helping Poverty"??according to which, more than 700 got Certificate of the Legal Profession Qualifications in the whole country.
The qualified ratio of the first national judicial examination is 7% of its participants. More than 500 participants violate the discipline in the first national judicial examination??and have separately got disposal of warning, annulment of single subject and no participation in examination within two years.