V. People's congresses of townships, ethnic townships and towns

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The term of office of people's congresses of townships, ethnic townships and towns is three years. Such a people's congress establishes a presidium headed by the chairman and vice chairmen. The presidium is responsible for convening the meetings of the people's congress.

 

The functions and powers of the people's congresses of townships, ethnic townships and towns mainly include the following:

 

1. The power to examine and decide on major issues

 

To decide on the plans for the construction of local economy, cultural undertakings and public understandings, in accordance with national plans; to examine and approve local financial budgets and report on the implementation of the budgets; and to decide on the implementation plans for civil work in their own regions.

 

2. The power to elect, appoint and remove local functionaries

 

To elect or recall the heads and deputy heads of the townships, ethnic townships and towns.

 

Candidates for the heads and deputy heads of the townships, ethnic townships and towns are to be nominated by the presidiums of the people's congresses or no less than ten deputies. The presidiums or more than one-fifth of the deputies to the people's congresses of the townships, ethnic townships and towns may propose the removal of the above-mentioned functionaries when the people's congresses are in session. The proposal of removal are submitted to the congresses by the presidiums.

 

All elections are by secret ballot.

 

3. The power of supervision

 

To examine the work report of the governments of the townships, ethnic townships and towns, annul their inappropriate decisions and decrees, and recall or remove functionaries making up the governments of the townships, ethnic townships and towns.

   
 

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Minisrty of Justice, the People's Republic of China
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